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wildwood | 19:21 Tue 27th Dec 2016 | Science
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Damein's Q got me wondering..... Why are Poles so much colder than the Tropics?

Is it the wider 'spread' of the Sun's energy because of the angle that prevents the Poles from warming up, or the further distance from the sun.

Considering our vast distance from the Sun, both seem unlikely to me.

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When the sun is lower in the sky (as it is at the poles) a given amount of energy from the sun has a larger area to cover. That's the principle reason why the temperatures at the poles are lower than at the equator. Distance from the sun has nothing to do with it. For the same reason the energy provided by the sun early or late in the day covers a larger area than at noon so the sun seems to "lose its power" as the sun sets.
also called insolation I think

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_irradiance
This map from PP's link explains it well
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_irradiance#/media/File:SolarGIS-Solar-map-World-map-en.png
Less than 2 Kw/sqM at the poles against over 8Kw/SqM at the tropics.
Also from PP's link -
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effect_of_Sun_angle_on_climate

As for distance from the Sun - The poles on average are less than 3000 miles further from the Sun than other illuminated parts of the Earth . . . rather insignificant compared to the 3 million miles difference in distance the Earth experiences annually.

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